Cardigan Welsh Corgi Overview
The name Corgi comes from Ceredigion area in Wales where the Corgi dog breed originated. In Welsh ‘corgi’ is sometimes translated as ‘dwarf dog’.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi, also called Cardi, is often confused with the Pembroke Welsh Corgi, probably because of the connection with the Royal Family. There is even a folk tale in which two Corgis helped a fairy move a fallen tree in order to make way for Queen Victoria.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is one of the oldest herding breeds. These dogs were originally used by Welsh farmers to herd cattle. This dog breed descends from the Teckel, which is also the producer of the Dachshund.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has been known in Wales for over 3000 years, since their ancestors were brought to the British Isles by the Celts. Because of the isolation caused by the mountains in the Cardiganshire County in Wales, the breed evolved without much cross-breeding. In the 19th century interbreeding started when trading relationships developed between Pembroke-shire and Cardigan-shire.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is considered a native breed of England.In 1934 both the Cardigan Welsh Corgi and the Pembroke Welsh Corgi received individual breed recognition.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Characteristics
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is known as the Corgi with the tail.
This dog breed has:
- A short and sturdy build.
- A long body with a deep chest.
- A fox brush tail.
- Short legs.
- Fox-like pointed earsset well back on the head.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi belongs to a herding breed with a tendency to nip, but can be trained to curb this natural behavior.
This dog breed is an alert watch dog that will bark whenever they detect something suspicious. The most common colors are sable, red, brindle and black, and blue merle. White markings are common in Cardigan Welsh Corgis.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Temperament
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is a small dog with a big personality. This breed is athletic, high-spirited, versatile, affectionate, outgoing, intelligent and a quick learner. These dogs have an even temperament and an independent mind, and tend to be a bit pushy and manipulative.
A Cardigan Welsh Corgi has to learn to recognize the authority of his owner. The best way is through consistency. These dogs are generally good with children, but may try to nip them to get their attention or while playing with them. Supervision is a must when around small children! This breed is devoted to their family and always willing to please.
Aggression is not generally found in the Cardigan Welsh Corgi. These dogs may be reserved around strangers or unfamiliar pets, but aggression is not part of their personality. The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is generally an outgoing, bold and confident breed.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Coat
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi has a double coat. The top coat is resistant to dirt and odor. These dogs are heavy seasonal shedders. They shed profusely during two the shedding seasons.
The dense, medium outer coat requires regular brushing with a bristle brush, preferably every week. This breed rarely needs a bath.
These dogs are not recommended for families where allergies or loose hair are a concern.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s nails, as well as the hair around his paws and ears,should be kept trim. Some owners favor shaving their dog, but a shaved Corgi can get sunburn.
The most common colors are sable, red, brindle and black, and blue merle. Red merle is an unofficial color that does not accord with the breed standard. White markings are common in Cardigan Welsh Corgis. Usually they have white on the muzzle, neck, chest, legs and tip of the tail. A blaze on the head is called an ‘Irish pattern’.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Care
One of the main health concerns with Cardigan Welsh Corgis is obesity. It is important to regulate feeding to avoid serious health issues. Measure the food and limit treats. This dog breed should never be over-fed and train to only eat from his own bowl.
Cardigan puppies are very playful, but it is important to prevent them jumping off furniture or stairs, as this could injure their spines.
Cardigan Welsh Corgis have natural drop ears and may need taping to get them upright.
Corgis are naturally clean dogs which makes potty training easier.
The Cardigan Welsh Corgi is mostly a healthy breed. Common health concerns are:
- Degenerative myelopathy, a spinal complaint from 5 years of age.
- Hip dysplasia.
- Eye problems in later years.
- Cystinuria: Stones in kidneys, ureter and bladder.
- Predisposition to dystocia: difficult births
The life expectancy of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is 12 to 15 years.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Training
Cardis are intelligent and very active dogs. They are eager to please and are quick learners.
Training should to start at an early age, from 2 to 3 months old. Because this breed is very enthusiastic, they should be taught training commands as young as possible. A Welsh Corgishouldalso be socialized from puppyhood.
Because of the Cardigan Welsh Corgi’s inbred herding instincts, these dogs try to herd their owners and tend to nip and growl. You need to establish yourself as the alpha human as soon as possible.A positive-reinforcement based training system works best. Aggressive or forceful training methods can easily turn a naturally, enthusiastic Cardi into a shy and fearful dog.
This dog breed is happiest when they have a job to do. They love games, exercises, obedience classes and agility competitions.
Cardis have a tendency to bark a lot and this behavior should be stopped quickly.
Cardigan Welsh Corgi Activity
Cardigan Welsh Corgis are extremely active dogs. They require regular exercise to burn off their excess energy.
Cardi’s enjoy daily walks, games, and outdoor activities. Daily exercise is a must to keep off excess pounds, because these dogs are prone to obesity. In combination, the long back and too much body weight can lead to spinal problems. You need to maintain a healthy diet throughout their lives.
Cardigan Welsh Corgis also require mental stimulation. Join a club; take agility classes, and practice tracking and herding. Cardis have the potential do extremely well in agility, frisbee, herding, flyball and tracking
Cardis are very adaptable dogs and can live happily in most environments. They are suitable for farms, fenced yards and even an apartment.