Chihuahua Overview

This dog breed is the smallest of all breeds. The Chihuahua has the honor of being the oldest breed in America. They were named after the Chihuahua region in Mexico. It is believed that this descended from an ancient breed that was larger in size and highly prized by Aztec royalty. The dog of today has a very fine bone structure, but is actually quite muscular and sturdy.

Chihuahua Characteristics

This is a very individualistic dog breed. Each Chihuahua has their own unique personality and very few generalizations can be made. They are commonly referred to as a “Chi”. The breed is energetic and graceful with a shaman-like nature. They are known for their longevity and generally outlive most breeds, big and small.

Chihuahua Temperament

This dog breed is deeply devoted and loving. This dog breed typically becomes exceedingly attached to one or two people. They are bold, courageous and highly defensive of their masters. This dog requires an above average amount of attention. This dog breed is gentle, loving, and sweet-tempered by nature. They are cautious of strangers and make excellent watchdogs as they will alert you to anything out of the ordinary. This dog breed is not well suited to homes with children or other pets. However, they are sociable with their own kind. Chihuahuas makes an excellent companion dog.

Chihuahua Care

This dog breed requires minimal grooming. The smooth coat variety of the breed requires only occasional brushing. The long coat variety should be brushed several times a week with a soft bristle brush. Both generally require a monthly bath using a mild shampoo. Special care should be taken not get water into their ears as these dogs are susceptible to ear infections. Dental hygiene is essential to prevent tooth loss. The breed is prone to slipped stifles, open font or soft spot, eye problems and heart disease. This dog breed does not tolerate cold climates and must be protected when taken outside.

Chihuahua Coat

This dog breed has two coat varieties: smooth and long. The smooth coated Chihuahua has a glossy, soft, and close coat that is full textured over the body, but quite scanty on the head and ears. The long coated Chihuahua has a soft, longer coat that can be slightly curly or flat. This variety has an under-coat. Both coat types comes in a variety of colors, including fawn, brown, black and white. The coat may be solid in color, marked with splashes of color or tri-colored. The Chihuahua is an average shedder.

Chihuahua Training

This dog breed can be a bit challenging to train, but with patience, love and consistency will ensure success. This breed responds well to positive reinforcement. Chihuahuas can be house trained using either the crate or paper training method. Early and intensive socialization is essential for this breed.

Chihuahua Activity

This dog breed is ideally suited to apartment or condominium living. The majority of the Chihuahua’s exercise needs can be met indoors with toys or play sessions. This breed does enjoy going out with their owners and loves a daily walk. A harness, instead of a leash, is recommended as they have delicate necks and bone structure.