Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniel Overview

This is a beautiful, and intelligent dog breed that makes a terrific pet. Cocker Spaniels refer to two modern breeds of the spaniel type: the American Cocker Spaniel and the English Cocker Spaniel. Both breeds are simply called the Cocker Spaniel in their countries of origin. They were originally bred as hunting dogs in the United Kingdom to hunt the Eurasian Woodcock. When this dog breed was brought to the United States, it was bred to a different standard to specialize in hunting the American Woodcock.

Cocker Spaniel Characteristics

This dog breed is extremely intelligent and devoted. This breed needs an energetic owner, as they are very playful, lively and active. Their long coat prevents them from staying cool in hot weather and they should not be left outdoors for a long periods. They are bundles of joy that will enhance most households.

Cocker Spaniel Temperament

This dog breed is cheerful and sociable. The breed generally gets along well with older children and animals, provided they are not pestered. This dog breed loves to play and enjoys a good bark. They are also fairly gentle dogs and require adequate attention or socialization.

Cocker Spaniel Care

This dog breed requires a fair amount of maintenance. He has a long and flat or wavy coat that should be brushed daily if the coat is left long. The eyes should be cleaned daily to remove any tearstains. Trimming is necessary. The ears should be cleaned regularly to avoid ear infections. They are prone to ear infections, eye problems and hip dysplasia.

Cocker Spaniel Coat

This dog breed has a beautiful silky coat that is either lies flat or is slightly wavy. Professional clipping is necessary to keep the Cocker Spaniel’s hair at medium length. Their coats come in a variety of colors including black, liver, red and golden in solids. There are also black and tan, and sometimes liver and tan, as well as a variety of color mixtures of those solid colors including roans, roan and tans, tricolors and those solid colors with additional white markings.

Cocker Spaniel Training

This breed can be rather difficult to house-train, but are relatively easy to train in all other respects. Obedience classes are recommended for this playful breed. Initially bred as a gundog, this breed does exceptionally well in obedience, if trained firmly, but gently. They should be socialized from an early age to avoid timidity.

Cocker Spaniel Activity

This dog breed adapts well to city or apartment dwelling, provided they receive sufficient exercise. A home with a small yard is preferable for the Cocker Spaniel. This is a fairly active breed and should be walked more that once a day if they are not able to exercise themselves in a fenced back yard.