Dalmatian Overview

This is an ancient dog breed. It is believed that the Dalmatian originated in a section of Yugoslavia called Dalmatia. The stamina, size, and guard dog capabilities made the Dalmatian a favored breed by English aristocracy. During both World Wars, this dog breed was used to protect the camps of U.S. soldiers. The breed is most often associated with being a firehouse dog.

Dalmatian Characteristics

This dog breed is born pure white and the spots develop later. The Dalmatian is medium sized and are extremely active and energetic. This dog breed is  bold, unique, and known as the “clown” of the dog world. The Dalmatian is an extremely versatile breed that has the ability to work as a vermin hunter, hound, guard dog and circus performer. This adorable, spotted dog breed can run up to 37 mph. The Dalmatian makes a wonderful and loyal companion dog.

Dalmatian Temperament

This dog breed is exceptionally sociable and thrives on human companionship and attention. They are extremely sensitive and do not like to be left alone for extended periods. If lonely or bored, they tend to become depressed and destructive. This dog breed is not recommended for homes with small children as the Dalmatian has an exuberant and rambunctious personality. Typically , this dog breed gets along will with non-canine pets and makes a wonderful companion for older children. They can be a little aggressive with unfamiliar dogs and should be socialized from an early age. The breed is cautious and aloof with strangers, making then an excellent watchdog. They are not excessive barkers, but will sound the alarm when necessary.

Dalmatian Care

This dog breed requires a fair amount of maintenance. Their coat should be brushed frequently with a firm bristle brush to minimize loose and dead hair. Extra attention should be given to the coat during the heavy shedding periods. To preserve the natural oils of the skin and coat. The Dalmatian should only be bathed when absolutely necessary, using a mild shampoo. This dog breed does not do well in extreme weather conditions and is prone to fungi from moist grass and soil, as well as ticks and fleas.They are also susceptible to deafness, bladder and kidney stones, skin and food allergies and hip dysplasia.

Dalmatian Coat

This dog breed has a hard, smooth, short and thick coat. The color of the their coat is pure white with spots that are either black or liver. Puppies are born completely white and spots develop as they mature. This breed is a constant shedder and sheds heavily twice a year.

Dalmatian Training

This dog breed requires intensive early and lifelong socialization, as well as basic obedience training. Without the correct training, the Dalmatian can be extremely timid or highly-strung. This dog breed does not respond well to harsh or forceful training methods. Training should be performed with firmness, fairness, consistency, reward and patience. They excel at obedience, agility and fly-ball events.

Dalmatian Activity

This dog breed requires frequent daily exercise. The Dalmatians enjoy participating in family activities and play sessions. Quality time spent with their family is very important to this breed. Dalmatians have tremendous stamina and endurance, and makes a superb walking, jogging and hiking companion. This dog breed is best suited to a home with a securely fenced yard where there is room to romp and run. They are not ideally suited to apartment or city dwelling, but adapt relatively well provided they are exercised a number of times a day.