The Pekingese has been part of China since the Tang dynasty. The face and the parents of the Pekingese resemble that of a lion which was thought to ward away evil spirits. They were a popular breed that numbered in the thousands throughout the palaces of China. If you are not nobility it was prohibited by law to own one and punishable by death if caught with one.
The dog breed features a flattened face resembling that the lion. They also have a plush coat and upright tail that curls over the back. This is a breed designed to be a lap dog and enjoys nothing more than pampering and gentle care. They are confident and independent as well as loyal and loving.
They are fearless but friendly and they love to get comfort and companionship to their family. However, they should be socialized frequently as a puppy to avoid attachment to just one person. The breed can easily become jealous of children and other dogs and do best in homes with older children and no other pets.
The average lifespan of this dog breed is 10 to 12 years, slightly below the average of other dogs their size. Some health concerns include difficulty breathing and corneal ulcers due to their flattened face and unique head shape. Other concerns include patellar luxation, degenerative heart valve disease, and trichiasis, or abnormally turned eyelashes.
Their double coat requires daily brushing especially along the hindquarters where matting tends to occur most. The coat may also need to be professionally groomed in order to keep it looking its best. The eyes and nose should also be cleaned regularly to prevent infection from forming in the folds along the flattened face.
Basic manners and household rules are important to be taught to these dogs, otherwise, the may decide what they think is best to do. Patience and reward-based training are the best ways to keep him focused and learning what needs to be done.
Breathing problems may prevent them from being very active however he should still have daily walks to keep and acted and in shape. He will be happy as long as he is doing something with his family.