They get their name from their location of origin, the province of Pomerania. They are a descendent of other herding-type spitz dogs, and early dogs of the breed weighed up to 30 pounds, much larger than the Poms of today. It wasn’t until Queen Victoria began to prefer smaller dogs that this dog breed moved toward the small size of today.
The two key traits of this breed are his small size and Plush coat. Show-groomed Poms actually have coats so plush that they begin to resemble small round balls of fur. This dog is a completely toy dog and companion, having no current working dog equivalent.
They are intelligent, active and spunky dogs that are very much the center of attention. They are companions through and through and want nothing more than to be where the family and action are. They are excellent watchdogs and will bark at anything they feel is out of place. The breed does best with adults and older children as young children can be too unpredictable for their likes.
This dog breed lives on average 13 to 15 years, typical for dogs of their size. Some health concerns include collapsing trachea, luxating patellas, hypothyroidism and patent ductus arterosis (a failure of part of the heart to close at birth). Proper Veterinary care and careful breeding can help with these diseases.
The plush coat of this cutie requires frequent grooming to keep it at its best. They will shed constantly and require brushing almost daily to keep the coat in order. Companion pets may have a shaggier or longer coat, while show pets or those wanting a show look should have their Pom professionally groomed regularly.
They are smart and eager learners. They will easily pick up any tricks their owner teaches them and are happy to please. Positive reinforcement and training sessions will help create a Pom that is happy and eager to show off to his human friends.
While small, they do best with regular exercise. Daily walks and other family activities are best to keep the Pom happy and prevent him from becoming overweight, something that can easily happen with less active dogs.