The Rottweiler gets its name from its location of origin, the town of Rottweil, Germany. This was a center for livestock and needed dogs that were large and able to drive cattle as well as cart goods to the market. As the railroads became popular, however, they had to change jobs, switching from herding and cart pulling to that of police and military protection work.
They feature the characteristic black and tan pattern with tan chest, eyebrows and marks on the paws. They typically have a docked tail, especially for show, however tail docking has become less popular in pet dogs.
He is calm, brave and confident in his manner, though he can be cautious around new people and places. They are protective guardians but will be mellow and loving when in the company of their people. The dogs are friendly and playful, and make great pets if socialized to a variety of people, places and animals from puppyhood.
They live on average 10 to 12 years, typical for a large breed dog. They have several health concerns including hip and elbow dysplasia, ACL (cruciate) injuries, osteochondrosis dissecans (OCD), panosteitis, osteosarcoma, epilepsy, eye disease, hypothyroidism, heart issues and Von Willebrand’s disease. They are also prone to bloat, or Gastric Dilation and Volvulus due to their large size.
The coat is very easy to care for, but does shed some. They should be brushed and combed regularly to help remove shedding hair and keep the coat shiny and clean. Regular brushing will help lower the amount of shed hair in the environment as well.
Positive reinforcement training and socialization from puppyhood and throughout adult life are critical in this dog breed. The Rottweiler is a powerful breed that needs a knowledgeable owner to ensure that he grows up well-minded and friendly in new situations.
They are active and do well in any activity. Pulling trials and cart trials come naturally to the breed, however, they do well with any sort of exercise. They rarely tire out and do well performing in many daily activities.