Yorkshire Terrier Overview
The first Yorkshire Terrier, or “Yorkie” was known as Huddersfield Ben, and is thought to be the foundation sire of the breed. He was born in the late 1800s, and came from Yorkshire, hence the breed’s name. Originally much larger to be used as a working dog, the breed has since been bred smaller as their jobs shifted from vermin control to companion.
Yorkshire Terrier Characteristics
This dog breed features a blue and tan coloration pattern combined with upright ears and long silky coat. Many are kept in a long “show style” coat, and may have their hair top-knotted to avoid it getting in the eyes. Many owners are now choosing instead a “puppy cut” which keeps the coat short overall, giving them a more youthful and shaggy look.
Yorkshire Terrier Temperament
Even as companions, Yorkies are tough and strong. They are both charming and lovable, packing a large personality in a small body. Yorkies are very energetic and will happily take on any challenge alongside their owners. Yorkies may also be very vocal and will alert their owners to any danger, real or perceived.
Yorkshire Terrier Care
This dog breed lives on average 12 to 15 years, slightly less than other toy sized dogs. Breed health issues include collapsing trachea, bladder stones, cataracts, distichiasis (eyelash growth issues), hypoplasia of dens, keratitis, hypoglycemia, portosystemic shunts, retinal dysplasia and Legg-Calve-Perthes disease. Many of these health issues are due in part to the miniaturization of breed size that has become so popular.
Yorkshire Terrier Coat
Yorkies that sport the long coat must be brushed daily to prevent it from matting and tangling. Professional grooming may also be required to keep the hair silky and trimmed neatly. Owners who choose to go with a puppy style cut make grooming much easier, however, it does still need brushing. Puppy cut trims may also be needed every few months to maintain the style.
Yorkshire Terrier Training
Yorkies love to be with their owners and this translates to them being eager learners. They do well with short, focused lessons. Yorkies however, may have a harder time becoming housetrained and thus require an owner who is both patient and persistent to overcome the issue.
Yorkshire Terrier Activity
Yorkies are a toy breed and thus need little activity to stay in shape. They love to be with their owners, and getting to travel along on any adventure is more than enough physical and mental stimulation for the breed. Yorkies, though small, are very adventurous and will happily tag along on any outing.